Tires are very important part of a vehicle, as they connect the vehicle to the external surface it is traveling on. Due to the rotation of the tire and its exposure to external bodies, the tire undergoes wear. A properly maintained tire wears evenly during its usage. Uneven tire wear is a sign of inappropriate use of the tire and can be caused by a number of factors. Some of these factors and their remedies will be discussed in this article.
Some Causes of Uneven Tire Wear
- Improper Inflation of the Tire: Over-inflation or under-inflation of tires can lead to rapid and uneven wear over the width of the tire tread. If the center of the tire shows more wear, the tire is overinflated and can cause lesser road stability. If the wear is at both sides of the tire, the tire is most likely underinflated and causes high fuel consumption.
Proper inflation of the tire, following the manufacturer’s suggestion, results in an even tire surface and uniform wear of the tire.
- Improper Alignment of Wheels: The alignment of the steering and various suspension components has an effect on the balance of the tires. Improper alignment causes shaking in the steering wheel, the vehicle pulling to one side when trying to move straight, and in the long run, wearing of the tires. A wheel alignment is needed to correct this error and ensure safe driving.
- Bent or Damaged wheels: Driving hazards, like bad roads, can cause damage (crack or bend) to the wheel of the tires. This damage may cause vibration in the tires during rotation, leading to uneven wear of the tires. Changing the wheels (if damaged) is needed to correct this.
- Unbalanced Wheels: When your wheel and tire assembly is not properly balanced the tire wears off unevenly. Unbalanced wheels prevent the wheel and the tire from rotating smoothly about their axis as it rotates, causing vibration of the tires. Having a technician statically and dynamically balance the wheels solves this problem.
- Worn-out Suspension Components and Failing Steering: The steering and suspension components which help navigate and balance the vehicle are susceptible to wear, resulting in looseness. This affects the balance of the vehicle, causing uneven wear on the tires.
How to Prevent Uneven Tire Wear
Frequent inspection of the tire (checking the pressure level, the wheels for damage and proper alignment) helps prevent uneven wear of the tires, making them last longer. Also a periodic inspection by your technician helps maintain the wear of the tires. If you do not have uneven wear of your tire consult a technician to inspect your vehicle, check the wheel alignment, test the steering and suspension components, check the tires and perform a road test to determine the cause, and carry out a repair fitting your budget and need.
If you notice uneven tire wear as a result of overinflation, underinflation, or miss alignment, then your tire requires professional repair. We provide a standard tire installations service in Fairfield.